Egypt Society and Culture Links
- El-Shella.com - Forum that allows
Egyptians, expats, and Arabs around the world to share and exchange life
experiences and business contacts.
- Focus on Egypt -
Monitored discussion group.
Groups - Egypt - Directory of online communities connected with or
interested in the country.
- Community Services Association
- Provides support to expatriates working and living in Egypt through its
programs, activities and community-oriented services.
African Database - Institutions: Egypt - Database of institutions in the
country, listed alphabetically and by category. Includes the arts, business,
education, media, professions, religion, politics and sports.
African Database - People: Egypt - Database of profiles of prominent
people, arranged by name and category. Includes the arts, business,
education, media, professions, religion, politics and sports.
- Global List of
Women's Organizations - Egypt - Provides contact information for groups
of women helping others.
- Last of the Victorians - For
alumni of the old Victoria College in Egypt. Photos, member database, and
- Vegetarian Egypt - Resource
for vegetarians in Egypt.
Egypt's Almanac - Dr. Yunan Labib Rizk (professor of history and head of
Al-Ahram History Studies Centre) examines Al-Ahram's "News and
Events" page during the 1920's and finds that it was indeed a record of
the most important daily occurrences in Egypt; includes clear
black-and-white photographs of King Fouad, Saad Zaghlul, Munira Thabet, and
Moustafa El-Maraghy; from Al-Ahram Weekly Online (Issue No. 539).
Library, a True Successor of its Ancient Namesake - Essay by Mohamed
Sid-Ahmed, who discusses conditions necessary for the Alexandria Library to
be a worthy successor to its ancient namesake; from ArabicNews.com.
- Americans in the
Egyptian Army - Recounts how 50 Americans (mostly Civil War veterans)
donned the uniform of Egypt in the service of Khedive Ismail.
- Antiquities Wish
List - Report that Zahi Hawass, secretary-general of Egypt's Supreme
Council of Antiquities (SCA), has formally requested that UNESCO assist in
the return of five key items of Egypt's cultural heritage: the Rosetta Stone
(in the British Museum, London), the bust of Nefertiti (in the Egyptian
Museum, Berlin), the statue of Great Pyramid architect Hemiunnu (in the
Roemer-Pelizaeus Museum, Hildesheim, Germany), the Dendara Temple Zodiac (in
the Louvre, Paris), and the bust of Khafre pyramid builder Ankhaf (in the
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston); from Al-Ahram Weekly Online (Issue No. 751,
14-20 July 2005).
- ArabDataNet -
Country Information on Egypt - Offers a focused gateway to information
on Egypt; the Country Profile, US-Egypt trade statistics, and Articles
(09/09/1994 to present) provide reliable and useful data relative to recent
- Cairo History Guide
- Chronicles the history of the Cairo area from 3500 BCE to the present in
ten scholarly but readable essays; by Alaa K. Ashmawy, University of
David Accords -- Framework for Peace - A survey of the 1978 Camp David
Accords between Egypt and Israel, with sections: Prelude, Preparations,
Negotiations, and Legacy; from the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library.
- Carlo Vidua and the
Travellers of 1800 in Egypt - An exhibit of writings, and names of
travellers, engraved on monuments in Egypt.
- Chronology of
Attacks on Tourist Targets in Egypt - Lists and describes recorded
instances of terrorist activity against tourists of any nationality in Egypt
- The World Factbook: Egypt - This periodically updated country study
provides current, detailed, background information for research on
contemporary Egypt and its history -- Geography, People, Government,
Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, and Transnational Issues;
from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook.
Threatens Egypt's Treasures - Examines the problem of higher humidity in
the Nile River Valley, and its effects on ancient objects and buildings; by
Malcolm Billings, BBC News.
- Color Me Egypt: - Egyptian
history written for kids, a coloring book, and a coloring contest.
Begins on UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology - Egyptologists and University
of California, Los Angeles technology centers have begun compiling a new
online history of Egypt from 3500 BC to AD 400, to include 4,000 entries of
original content and be available in English, German, French, and Arabic; by
Angilee Shah for the UCLA International Institute.
- Country Studies - Egypt
- Among the numerous topics covering all aspects of Egypt as a nation, are
over 40 essays on the various historical periods from ancient times to the
Roberts Gallery of 19th Century Lithographs - All 124 Egypt pictures --
architecture, monuments, people, and scenic views -- of Egypt in the 19th
century by Scottish artist David Roberts R.A. (1796-1864).
Between the United Kingdom and France Respecting Egypt and Morocco, Together
with the Secret Articles Signed at the Same Time - Text of these
documents, signed in London on 8 April 1904; from Don Mabry's Historical
de l'Egypte - Online exhibit showcasing this monumental publication
which documented the Napoleonic expedition of 1798; from the State Library
of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.
Egypt for Universities - This "learning and teaching resource for
higher education" contains information on all aspects of Egyptian
history, society, and culture from 4000 BC to the present; from University
- An Early Traveller
in Egypt - Brief excerpts and three illustrations from Charles Dana
Gibson's account published in McClure's Magazine under the title
"Sketches in Egypt" (1898); from Logoi.com.
- Egy.com - Cairo's Recollections Online -
Samir Raafat offers a variety of articles, photos, and references dealing
with 19th and 20th century aspects of Cairo, Egypt's 1000-year-old capital
-- its architecture, landmarks, character, people and problems.
- Egypt: 1952-1956 - A
collection of uncaptioned black-and-white photographs taken in Egypt by Don
H. Church during the 1950s.
- Egypt: A Brief
History - A concise illustrated history of Egypt from earliest times to
the present day; by Ami Isseroff, at MidEast Web.
- Egypt - A Country Study
- Contains a country profile (geography, society, economy, government and
politics, etc.); a concise, but comprehensive, summary of Egyptian history,
from predynastic antiquity to President Mubarak; and tables, bibliography,
and glossary; from the Library of Congress.
- Egypt: Ancient
Culture and Technology - Authoritatively examines, via an Overview
(history) and two essays (Culture and Technology), most aspects of life in
ancient Egypt, from prehistory to the arts and writing and from architecture
and buildings to public works; from the University of Colorado at Denver.
- Egypt: Fayum Project
- Describes the research in Egypt of Dr. Elwyn L. Simons on early
anthropoids and other vertebrates; from Duke University Primate Center.
- Egypt - History - From
Egypt State Information Service; nine essays on the major eras in Egyptian
history, plus links to information on Egypt's Land & People, Culture
& Arts, Economy, Politics, Society, Tourism, and Women.
- Egypt - History
- Brief, but authoritative, history of Egypt, from the Old Kingdom to the
- Egypt: A
Travelogue - A photo essay, with explanatory text, of contemporary life
in rural and urban Egypt: Land and People, the Nile; Aswan, the Dam, Lake
Nasser, and Abu Simbel; Giza, the Pyramids, and Sphinx; and the Egyptian
Museum. German text also available.
- Egypt Daily News - Daily news
coverage of Egypt, the Middle East, and the world, plus features, maps of
Cairo, and links to Egyptian government, military, religious, and other
- Egypt Keeps
Muslim Brotherhood Boxed In - Dan Murphy examines the Muslim
Brotherhood's origins, history and violent past, current restructuring as an
Islamic democratic model, and the Egyptian government's opposition to its
recognition as a political party; from the Christian Science Monitor.
Religion - Surveys the history of religion in Egypt, from Akhenaten and
the origins of monotheism, to Coptic Christianity, and the establishment and
early history of Islam; from Religion Around the World.
- Egypt World - History of Egypt in
Gets $27 Million for Mohammed's Arrest Tip - In dispatch dated March 12,
2003, Kelli Arena, CNN Justice Correspondent, reports that an unnamed
Egyptian radical will get $27 million as a reward for giving the United
States information that led authorities to alleged September 11, 2001,
mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed; from CNN.com.
National Anthem - Provides the inspiration, author, and composer of
Egypt's national anthem ("My Homeland"), the text in English
translation, and the musical score; from Egypt State Information Service.
National Flag - Color image, history, symbolism, and rules governing the
National Flag of Egypt; from Egypt State Information Service.
- The Egyptian Presidency - The
official site of the Egyptian Presidency includes biographies of current and
Union (1958-1959) - A 3-part series, published in March 1998, which
examines the failed union between Egypt and Syria during a unique era in the
Arab world; from ArabicNews.
Forum - Discuss Ancient Egypt and other Nile Valley cultures and
civilizations; an amateur Egyptology forum with diverse subjects.
Forgotten Treasures - Zahi Hawass describes the search of the entire
Egyptian Museum and storage sites across Egypt for artifacts to comprise an
unprecedented exhibit marking the 100th anniversary of the opening of the
Egyptian Museum on November 15, 1902; with photographs by Kenneth Garrett.
From National Geographic.
Alamein - A 3-page description, illustrated with six black-and-white
photos, of the significant World War II battle fought in northern Egypt; by
David G. Chandler.
- Farouk of Egypt
- Brief biography and photograph of King Farouk of Egypt (February 11, 1920
- March 18, 1965); from Wikipedia.
of Egypt - Clear large color image and description of the Egyptian
national flag; from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook.
Frith (1822-1898) - Brief biography of Frith, and checklist, index, and
thumbnails of photographs taken during Frith's three photographic
expeditions to Egypt, 1856-1860; from George Eastman House.
Imams of Al-Azhar - A brief history of Al-Azhar as university,
institution for the teachings of Sunni Islam, and umbrella organization
precedes a listing of all Grand Imams, from 1690 to the present, many with
- Griffith Institute -
This renowned research institute, which has "the largest specialized
Egyptological archive in the world," includes the records of Howard
Carter's excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun, a major database of
19th-century studio photographs of Egypt, and other research tools and
- Historical Society of Jews From Egypt -
historical and current information on the Jews From Egypt. covering the
period from Joseph Saadia el Fayoumi (Saadia Gaon) to the present day.
- History of Egypt -
Published by the Ministry of Tourism, Egypt, and the Egyptian Tourist
Authority; over 40 essays on all periods of Egyptian history, from Lower
Paleolithic to British Occupation.
Crater Found in Egypt - Report on the discovery, by Boston University
researchers Farouk El-Baz and Eman Ghoneim, of crater “Kebira,” more
than twice as big as the next largest Saharan crater known; by Robert Roy
Britt at Space.com.
- Huge Impact
Crater Found in Egypt - BBC News report that a giant meteorite crater
(named "Kebira" -- which means "large" in Arabic -- and
also relates to the crater's physical location on the northern tip of the
Gilf Kebir region in southwest Egypt) formed from an impact millions of
years ago has been discovered in Egypt's western desert.
23rd Revolution - Briefly examines the Revolution of July 23rd, 1952, a
turning point in modern Egyptian history; from ArabicNews.
- King Farouk - Family
Portrait - Family portrait of King Farouk, Queen Nariman, and Prince
Ahmed Fouad, with a brief commentary on how this serene scene belied the
future overthrow of the regime; in Al-Ahram Weekly Online.
- King Farouk -
Numismatic Collection - Describes King Farouk's coin collection, its
dispersal in the legendary auction in 1954, and subsequent movements; by
Carl N. Lester.
Farouk I - Portrait and brief biography of King Farouk, Egypt's last
reigning monarch, who abdicated in July 1952.
Crater in the Great Sahara Discovered by Boston University Scientists -
Boston University news release, dated March 3, 2006, on how researchers from
the university's Center for Remote Sensing located Crater Kebira using
detailed satellite data; includes information on the researchers, Dr. Farouk
El-Baz and Dr. Eman Ghoneim, and a link to five high-resolution images.
- Medals of
the Arab Republic of Egypt - Original research by Edward S. Haynes of
Winthrop University provides a very brief political history of Egypt since
1517, lists its rulers since 1805, and describes in detail 130 medals and
the historical events or other reasons for which they were established.
of God Find Refuge in Egypt - Article by Reda Helal traces visits by the
Patriarchs, Holy Family, and advent of Islam in AD 640 to show that Egypt is
a byword for religious tolerance and inter-religion harmony.
East Photograph Archive - From the University of Chicago Library, most
archive images date from the second half of the 19th century and, while
particularly strong in images of Cairo and its Islamic monuments and street
scenes, also contains photos of pharaonic monuments and views throughout
- Mohammed Ali Pasha of
Egypt, Syria and Arabia - Biographical sketch by William Brown Hodgson,
written on March 10, 1835.
Ali - Firman of Appointment as Pasha of Egypt - Translation of the
firman issued by the Ottoman sultan in 1840, contributed by C. R. Pennell,
National University of Singapore; from Don Mabry's Historical Text Archive.
Ali's Tax Inspectors - From the Chronicles of al-Jabarti, contributed by
C. R. Pennell, National University of Singapore; from Don Mabry's Historical
- Napoleon in Egypt - An
essay by Brahm Rosensweig which describes Napoleon Bonaparte's Egyptian
expedition, from July 1798 to the French surrender to the British on
September 2, 1801; includes 7 illustrations and links to related subjects,
such as the Battle of the Nile.
- Napoleon in
Egypt: A Short Account - Paper, originally a slide lecture, describing
the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt and the "Birth of Egyptology."
Egyptian Campaign - A 3-page history of the Egyptian Campaign
(1798-1801), including background, troop movements, hyperlinks to additional
information on persons, places, and terms used in the text, and a map of the
- The Nile - Examines,
via four essays (Geographical, Cultural, Technical, and Organizational), how
the Nile River influenced life in Egypt from ancient times to 1886
(pre-Aswan Dam); based on the book, Rivers of Empire, by Donald Worster.
- Orders, Decorations and
Medals of Egypt - Full-color ribbon charts and individual images of
orders, decorations, and medals, along with descriptions and award criteria,
are separately provided for the Kingdom of Egypt and Earlier (1805-1953) and
for the Arab Republic of Egypt (1953 - date).
A City and its Texts - Online version of the exhibition of the same
name, celebrating 100 years of publication of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri;
contains information and images on the Site, Excavations and Finds, Daily
Life, A Millenium of Documents, Scribes and Scholars, and other topics; from
the Imaging Papyri Project at Oxford University.
Dinosaur Discovered in Egypt - Report dated June 05, 2001, announcing
that University of Pennsylvania researcher Joshua Smith had discovered, in a
desert oasis, the remains of a paralytitan, which had lived about 94 million
years ago in the mid-cretaceous period.
- Railways In the
Nile Valley (Until 1935) - This history of Egypt's railway system begins
with an overview of the country's place in the region's travel and trade,
recounts establishment of the Alexandria-Cairo line (the first railway on
the African continent) in 1851-56, and then its expansion to the south and
across the Delta; contains a map of the railway system and several images of
locomotives, carriages, and stations.
of Modern Egypt - Chronologically lists all Egyptian rulers from
Mohammad Ali Pasha (1805-1848) to current president Hosny Mubarak; names
link to biography and picture of each. Available in both Arabic and English.
- Sheik Hassan Maamoun -
Biography, photographs, and other information on Sheik Hassan Maamoun, who
served Egypt as head of the Supreme Islamic Jurisprudence Court, El Mofti of
the Republic, member of Parliament during the years of El Wehda
(unification) with Syria, and as 44th Grand Imam of Al-Azhar.
- Siwa Oasis - Briefly
describes this oasis in western Egypt and provides a short chronological
history, with links to key terms; from Encyclopaedia of the Orient.
- The Sudanese
Travels of Theodoro Krump, 1700-1702 - A summary of this traveller's
journey through Egypt and on to Sudan; by Jay Spaulding, at Kean University.
of Decorative Stones in the Mosques and Other Islamic Buildings of the
Pre-Ottoman Period in Cairo, Egypt - Report on a comprehensive survey
conducted from 1996 to 2000, with an Introduction, Description of Stone
Varieties Found in Cairo, Inventory of Stones in Cairo Buildings, and Reuse
of Roman Stones in Cairo Buildings; by Dr. James A. Harrell, Professor of
Geology, Department of Earth, Ecological and Environmental Sciences, The
University of Toledo.
Photographic Project - Tom Van Eynde's photographs recording the
architecture and landscape of Egypt are shot and printed to evoke romantic
Victorian times; from the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
- World Heritage
Sites in Egypt - Lists and links to detailed information on the
individual UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Egypt.
- WWW-VL - History:
Egypt - Categorized directory of links.
to Egypt's Election - 2005 - Overview of Egypt's three-stage election to
the People's Assembly, parliament's lower house, in November and December
2005; provides information on candidates and parties, procedures, timetable,
and other matters; from BBC News. (November 8, 2005)
Investigates Resort Attacks - Reports on the 23 July 2005 attacks in
Sharm al-Sheikh, Egypt, including background, maps, news reports, reaction,
and video; from BBC News. (July 25, 2005)