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The Country & People of Mauritania

Mauritania [ Mawritaniyya ] - Islamic Republic of Mauritania - Al-Jumhuriyah Al-Islamiyah Al-Muritaniyah

This page contains links to sites in Mauritania and Mauritania related sites.
For Middle East, North Africa, Arab and regional information visit Arab Countries

 

Mauritania, officially Islamic Republic of Mauritania, republic (1995 est. pop. 2,263,000), 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (N), Algeria (NE), Mali (E and SE), and Senegal (SW). Nouakchott is the capital. Most of the country is low-lying desert, forming part of the Sahara, but some fertile soil is found in the semiarid Sahel of the southwest, along the Senegal R. The economy is divided between a traditional agriculture sector and a modern mining industry developed in the 1960s. Irrigated crops include millet, dates, rice, and sorghum. Stock raising (cattle, sheep, goats, and camels) was sharply reduced by the great drought of the 1970s and 80s. There is a growing fishing industry, based in the Atlantic, and fish processing is important. Shipments of iron ore account for a large portion of export earnings. Nearly a third of the population are nomadic Moors, of Berber and Arab background; another third are mostly Africans, many of whom live as agriculturalists near the Senegal R.; and the rest are of mixed Moor and African descent. Islam is the state religion; Arabic and Wolof are official languages.

History
Settled by Berbers in the 1st millennium AD, the region was the center of the ancient empire of Ghana (700–1200) and later became part of the empire of Mali (14th–15th cent.). By this time the Sahara had encroached on much of Mauritania, limiting agriculture and reducing the population. In the 1440s Portuguese navigators established a fishing base, and from the 17th cent. European traders dealt in gum arabic along the southern coast. France gained control of S Mauritania in the mid-19th cent., declared a protectorate over the region in 1903, and made it a separate colony in French West Africa in 1920; however, little was done to develop the economy.

Nationalist political activity began after World War II, and Mauritania gained full independence in 1960. A Muslim state was created in 1961 under Makhtar Ould Daddah as president. His rule was troubled by ethnic tensions between the Fulani and the Arab-Berber group, by economic problems aggravated by the severe drought in the Sahel, and by worker-student protests. The military deposed Ould Daddah in 1978, and military governments subsequently ruled the country.

A 1975 agreement with Spain and Morocco giving Mauritania control over the southern third of the Spanish (Western) Sahara ignited a conflict in the former colony. The Polisario Front, a proindependence guerrilla group backed by Algeria, waged war against Mauritanian troops until 1979, when Mauritania renounced its claims to the area and signed a peace treaty with the front. Slavery was only officially abolished in 1980, and racial unrest erupted in the late 1970s and persisted into the 1990s, aggravated by government repression of black Mauritanians.

In 1984 Col. Maouiya Ould Sidi Ahmed Taya became president after a coup. A new constitution approved in 1991 called for an elected president and national assembly, and the government legalized political parties. Taya won election as president in 1992 and 1997, in balloting widely considered to be unfair. In 1993 the United States ended development aid to Mauritania in protest against the country’s oppression of its black citizens and its support of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War; the government subsequently moved toward a pro-Western position.

Taya survived a coup attempt in June, 2003. In the Nov., 2003, presidential elections he received 66.7% of the vote; his nearest challenger, former president Heydalla, almost 19%. Despite new voting safeguards designed to prevent vote-rigging, there were again accusations of fraud. Heydalla was arrested after the election on charges of plotting a coup, which he denied; he received a suspended five-year sentence in December, and as a result of the sentence he lost his political and civil rights for five years. In Aug. and Sept., 2004, Mauritanian officials said they had foiled two more coup plots. At the same time, locusts ravaged a large portion of the nation’s agricultural land, leading to concerns of a possible food crisis.

Copyright (c) 2003 Columbia University Press.
Used by permission of Columbia University Press.

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Most local links in other categories also include extensive or interesting country information.
All sites are in English or an English version is available except where indicated with flag(s) without "+".
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Arabic means it is available in Arabic only and +Arabic is available in Arabic and English

About Mauritania

General Information Also see Travel
All Referer Earth & environment, history, literature & arts, people, places, plants & animals, religion, science & technology, sports & everyday life....
Arab DataNet Country profile, key facts, overview, economic review, political structure, sector analysis, investment, government, companies....
ArabNet Overview, history, geography, business, culture, government, transport, tour guide, links
ArabInfo Overview, government, history, links
Atlapedia Geography, climate, people, demography, religion, education, modern history, currency, other information....
BBC Country Profile Key facts, figures and dates
Britannica.Com Country info, land, people, economy, society, government, history, culture, maps, statistics, links....
CIA World Factbook Map, geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, issues
Country Reports Economy, defense, geography, government, people, anthem, map, news, weather, links....
Encarta OnLine Info, land & resources, population, economy, government, history, other related items, links....
Encyclopaedia of the Orient Geography, politics, economy, health, education, religion, people, history, anthem, cities....
Expedia Almanac, fast facts, communications, on business, health & safety, transportation, traveler's directory
Info Please General info, map, geography, government, history, land & people....
Nation By Nation Info, government, human rights, news, geography, history, people, links....
US Department of State - Background Notes People, history, government, political conditions, economy, travel, business, foreign relations....
US Library of Congress Everything you ever wanted to know about Mauritania....
World66 General info, cities, history, people, economy, getting around, getting there, links....

Cities, Towns, Municipalities & Places

Banc d'Arguin National Park A Natural World Heritage site
Commune de Ouadane Francais
Mairie du Ksar +Arabic Francais Mayor, action plan, services, photos....

Flag, Maps, Useful Information....

Cellular News Cellular coverage map, systems, frequencies....
Ethnologue Languages
Flag Description, meaning, history, interesting facts
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Maps Cities & towns. Global position, altitude, WAPF (weather) forcast,
World Clock Local time, sunrise, sunset, GMT offset, daylight saving....
World Paper Money Paper currency since 1974
 
 

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Business and Economy

General, Economy, Reports & Statistics
Bilateral Relations with Japan Diplomatic, investment, economic cooperation, residents....
Mauritania and the IMF Position in the fund, reports....
MBendi Business information, news, industries, events
Organization of Islamic Countries +Arabic The most comprehensive database: statistical, economic and social
Partners in the Development of Maurinania Francais To share widely and online the information relative to their programs
Ports Focus Ports, harbours, marinas....
US Department of Energy Analysis, information, oil, natural gas, coal, electricity....
US Department of State Country commercial guide 2001 (pdf)
World Bank +Francais Overview, news & events, data & statistics, publications & reports, development topics, projects & programs, Public Information Center
World Trade Organization - WTO Provides trade statistics, goods schedules, services schedules and MFN exemptions, trade policy reviews, dispute cases, and notifications

Banks

Banque Al-Wafa Mauritanienne Islamique Francais
Banque Mauritanienne pour le Commerce International +Arabic Francais A modern financial institution, performing and resolutely turned towards the future

Directories, Job Opportunities

Annuaires Afrique - Mauritanie Francais Telephonique Local et Yellow Pages

Investment & Promotion....

 

 

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Art, Culture & Sport

General Resources, Heritage....
Le Projet de Sauvegarde et de Valorisation du Patrimoine Culturel Mauritanien +Arabic Francais

Art, Literature, Photography, Cinema....

Internet Movie Database Movie & TV reports
Guide to Theatres +Francais Activity, companies, places, events, festivals....

Music, Song & Dance....

Dimi Mint Abba +Francais Traditional Music

Cultural, Scientific, Environmental, Sporting Entities & Info

Agir en Faveur de l'Environnement Francais
Animal Info Threatened species, environmental and social data
AquaStat Information on quantity and quality of freshwater and its availability

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Education

Schools, Colleges, Academies, Universities & Polytechnics
The American International School of Nouakchott To provide an education program similar to that of the US public schools
University of Nouakchott +Arabic Francais An academic institution involved in education, training and research

Institutions & Organizations

Association Culturelle Des Etudiants Mauritaniens Francais
Kultureller Mauretanischer Verein Deutchland Arabic Deutsch Association culturelle des Etudiants Mauritaniens en Allemagne
World-Links Program Francais To connect the school communities and teachers throughout the world....

Research, Resources & Projects

AlMahdra.Net Arabic Forum for spreading Arabic and Islamic education

About Mauritania * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

History, Human Right & Politics

Ancient & Modern....
All Referer Ancient history....
World Statesmen Flags, chronology, rulers, governors, ministers, commissioners....

Human Rights, Politics & Political Parties....

Amnesty International +Francais Espanol News, reports, urgent action. Latest annual report....
Coalition Against Slavery in Mauritania and Sudan - CASMAS A human rights abolitionist movement
Mauritanian Human Rights Watch +Arabic Francais Al-Marsad - Defending victims of oppression and prisoners of conscience
Human Rights Watch +Arabic Other languages Human rights developments & report
US Department of State Country reports on human rights practices

 

La Force du Changement Arabic Francais
Rassemblement des Forces Democratiques Arabic Francais Opposition party - Unity, democracy, social Justice

Related Sites, Articles....

Centre Mauritanien d'Analyse de Politiques Francais
Constitution Background, history & news
Elections Results, parties, parliament, electoral institutes, electoral calendar, political database....

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Media

Newspapers, Magazines....
Al-Raya Arabic Daily newspaper

OnLine News, Newsletters, News Agencies....

AllAfrica.Com News plus, news wire....
l’Agence Mauritanienne d’Information (AMI) Arabic Francais
La Caverne d'Abbere Francais Magasin en ligne de produits Mauritaniens
Sahara Media Arabic Updated daily
Washington Post News & references

Radio, TV, Internet....

CyberCommune Francais La communaute du Hodh El Gharbi

Articles, Reports, Cartoons....

One World+Other languages Archives, articles and news from different sources

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Government & Organizations....

Government, Ministries, Overseas Missions, Embassies....
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members
Political Leaders Dates and figures of the leadership since 1961 (with pictures)

 

Direction of Hydraulics and the Cleansing (DHA) +Arabic Francais Information you would need about the situation and the evolution of the drinkable water supply in Mauritania
Mauritania +Arabic Francais Official site of the Government of Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Ministry of Mines and Industry +Francais History and economics, organisation and departments, products
National Humanitarian Demmining Office +Francais Helping to localize the dangerous areas reducing in this way the number of accidents
National office of the Statistics Francais The collection, the treatment, the analysis and the diffusion of the statistical data

 

Embassy of Mauritania in Ottawa, Canada Discover Mauritania, economy, tourism, official services
Embassy of Mauritania in Washington, USA Visa services, The Country, Presidency, Consular, Economy, Travel....
Permanent Mission of Mauritania to the United Nations +Arabic Francais New York - Country facts, statements, basic documents

Corporations, Organizations, Public Hospitals and Industrial Entities

Cement of Mauritania Francais Complete cement plant....
Societe Nationale de Developpement Rural (SONADER) Francais
Societe Nationale des Industries et des Mines (SNIM) +Francais A modern company in the heart of the Sahara desert
MauriPost Francais
MauriTel Francais

Centers, Institutions, Societies....

Agir en Faveur de l'Environnement (AFE) Francais
L’Association des Jeunes Ressortissants de M’Bagne Francais
L'association SOS-Abbere +Francais To initiate and implement projects, economic and social development....

Foreign Entities

Bitish Embassy Consular and commercial services and visa service....
French Embassy Francais
US Embassy +Arabic Francais Embassy news, U.S. citizen services, Visas to the U.S, U.S. policy & Iissues, resources

 

Program of the United Nations for Development (UNDP) Francais Reinforcement in term of plea and mobilization of the resources
United Nations in Mauritania Francais Current events, coordination, education of the girls, documentation and information center....
US Committee for Refugees Reports on conditions for refugees and internally displaced persons
World Food Programme Fight against global hunger....
World Health Organization Tobacco & health, socio-economic situation

About Mauritania * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

Travel & Tourism

Airlines, Air, Sea & Coach Charters Services
Air Mauritanie Francais

 

Airports Airport names, cities and codes

Travel, Tours, Guides.... More country info

Chinguitty Voyages+Arabic Francais Deutsch Espanol Tour Operator for organizing trips and vacations in Mauritania

 

Adventures of Mauritania Getting there & costs, safety & health, visa, climate, cities, holidays....
Africa Guide Introduction, visitor info, accommodation, tours....
Lonely Planet Travel information, maps, photos, background historical and cultural information
Travel Guide General & travel info, money, duty free, health, accommodation, visas....
World Travel Guide Travel information, regions & places....

Hotels, Resorts, Inns, Hostels....

Inn26 Hotels and motels directory, local info....
 

Health & Travel Tips
Foreign & Commonwealth Office Travel information, country advise, latest travel updates....
Travel Document Systems Passports, visas, travel documents
US Consular Information Warning, visa, security, health, crime/drug penalties....

Weather....

Tide Calendar Tide times, sunset, sunrise and global position
Weather Underground Temperature, humidity, pressure and conditions by city
Yahoo Weather By city. Forcast, sunrise, sunset, humidity, wind, dewpoint....

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Gateways to Mauritania


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